Public Expenditure Tracking Survey in the areas of Health, Nutrition, Water-Hygiene-Sanitation and Education : Education Component

Based on BUCREP estimates (3rd General Census of Population and Housing of 2005), Cameroon’s total population was approximately 24,348,251 in 2019, spread over a surface area of 475,000 km2, or an average density of 51 inhabitants per km2. This population is mostly young, since the under-15s represent 43% of the total, it is logical to expect a high demand for education, requiring public authorities to respond in terms of school creation, infrastructure and equipment, and the allocation of human, financial and material resources. The number of children of primary school age (6 to 11 years) stood at 3,608,908 in 2016, and the number of children of secondary school age (12 to 18 years) at 3,704,590, representing 15.9 and 16.3% of the population respectively. Cameroon’s population continues to grow, but at a decreasing rate, as the demographic transition began to be observed in the 1990s. For the period 2010-2020, the annual growth rate is estimated at 2.4% and the birth rate at 22.5%. Over the past several decades, the urban population has increased at an accelerated rate, from 14% in 1950 to 58% in 2010, with the cities of Douala and Yaounde as the largest cities. According to BUCREP projections, this trend is expected to continue over the years. Cameroon’s population is unevenly distributed throughout the country. The average population density in 2005 was 37.5 inhabitants per square kilometre. The highest densities are recorded in the Littoral (124.0 inhabitants per km²) and West (123.8 inhabitants per km²) regions and the lowest in the North (25.5 inhabitants per km²), Adamawa (13.9 inhabitants per km²), South (13.4 inhabitants per km²) and East (7.1 inhabitants per km²). This creates disparities in education

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